Install gfortran

To compile and run RocketCEA, users need to install gfortran .

Each operating system has its own approach.


The one-liner:

sudo apt-get install gfortran

installs gfortran on Debian/Ubuntu systems.


From my testing on CentOS, gfortran the commands:

yum install epel-release
yum install gcc-gfortran

will install gfortran (You may need to be logged in as root.)

In order to link with python and use pip, you will also need:

yum install python-devel
yum install python-pip


sudo yum install python-devel
sudo yum install python-pip


The error message “not finding Python.h during compile.” indicates that the python devel library is required.

Presumably RHEL will be similar.


To install gfortran on OpenSUSE use:

sudo zypper install gcc gcc-c++ gcc-fortran

Similar to CentOS , OpenSUSE will need the following in order to link the compiled FORTRAN to python:

sudo zypper in python3-devel  # for python3.x installs


The error message “not finding Python.h during compile.” indicates that the python devel library is required.


I had trouble using gfortran with python 2.7 on MacOS Sierra, however, python 3.7 seemed to work just fine with:

brew install gcc
brew install python3
pip3 install numpy
pip3 install genericf2py

Windows 10


Windows users MUST put MinGW into environment PATH variable. (see: Windows PATH)

for 32 bit (Untested for versions 1.2.0 and above): C:\MinGW\mingw32\bin AND C:\MinGW\mingw32\bin

For 64 bit: C:\MinGW\mingw64\lib AND C:\MinGW\mingw64\lib


Windows 10 is the most complicated platform on which to set up gfortran.

Assuming that your user may need either the 32 or 64 bit compiler, I recommend using the SourceForge MinGW-w64 for 32 & 64 bit Windows.


For python 3.8 and above, 32 bit python may not work with RocketCEA on Windows.

64 bit python is recommended for RocketCEA with python versions 3.8 and above on Windows.

Go to the site SourceForge MinGW-w64 for 32 & 64 bit Windows. and download MinGW installer (mingw-w64-install.exe). At the time of this writing, the downloaded file is mingw-w64-install.exe. Run mingw-w64-install.exe.


After clicking Next, the settings screen will appear.

For 64 bit compilation, the settings that worked for me are shown below.


For 32 bit compilation, these were my settings.


A location for the MinGW install then needs to be selected. The default location is in C:\Program Files (x86)\mingw-w64\… etc. However I recommend a simpler path like C:\MinGW so that, later on, setting the user’s environment PATH will be easier.


After several minutes of an Installing Files you should arrive at a successful finish screen.

_images/mingw_installing_files.jpg _images/mingw_finished.jpg

When both 32 and 64 bit compilers are installed, and if you selected C:\MinGW as your install directory. You should have a C:\MinGW directory that looks like the one below. (Recall that only 64 bit is recommended for RocketCEA)


Windows PATH


Windows users MUST put 2 MinGW paths into environment PATH variable.

C:\MinGW\mingw64\bin and



C:\MinGW\mingw32\bin and


Having installed gfortran , there are some options as to when and how to change the system’s PATH environment variable.

For 32 bit compilation, the following must be in the PATH:


for 64 bit compilation:


These can be added as-needed, for example:

set PATH=C:\MinGW\mingw32\bin;C:\MinGW\mingw32\lib;%PATH%
set PATH=C:\MinGW\mingw64\bin;C:\MinGW\mingw64\lib;%PATH%

They can also be added by editing the system Environment Variables in the Control Panel.

Search for “environment variables” in the Windows 10 Search box and click on “Control Panel”

Once there, select “Environment Variables…”.

_images/search_env_vars_lhs.jpg _images/control_panel.jpg

The “Environment Variables…” Button will result in the screen below where either the System or User Variables can be edited.


Add the C:\MinGW path for Either the 32 or 64 bit compiler.



Windows users MUST put MinGW into environment PATH variable. (see: Windows PATH)

C:MinGWmingw64bin OR C:MinGWmingw32bin


C:MinGWmingw64lib OR C:MinGWmingw32lib